Here's what we know about Joe Robinson and what he has said about his jail sentence.
Who is Joe Robinson?
Joe Robinson, 25, is a former soldier who previously served with British forces in Afghanistan.
Robinson, from Accrington in Lancashire, was accused of fighting ISIS alongside the People's Protection Units of Syrian Kurdistan (YPG).
He has previously admitted fighting ISIS but denied he acted alongside the Kurdish militia.
The group is regarded by Turkey as a terror organisation because of its links to the Kurdistan Workers' Party, which is fighting for autonomy for the region.
Robinson was arrested in 2017 alongside partner Mira Rojkan, a Bulgarian citizen, who had been living in Leeds studying law, and she was accused of engaging in terrorist propaganda.
The couple were relaxing on a beach in the Turkish resort of Didim with her mum when they were nabbed.
It is believed that Turkish spooks swooped after noticing Robinson in his Kurdish uniform on Facebook.
He regularly posted updates to social media of him wearing his Kurdish militia uniform.
The Kurdistan Solidarity Campaign has praised Robinson for "selflessly" battling ISIS, and called on the Government to stand up for the former soldier.
Why has he skipped bail?
The veteran from Leeds was facing a seven-and-a-half years jail in September but remained on bail as he appealed against his sentence.
But on December 14, 2018, he told the BBC he has left without the permission of the Turkish courts.
Robinson, formerly of Accrington, Lancashire said “I could not accept the sentence and charges as I am not a criminal”, adding: “I had to take matters into my own hands."
He said during his time working as a medic “I managed to help civilians and save lives”.
Robinson, who claimed he had travelled to the war zone to volunteer as a military medic, told the BBC he had received "very little" support from the British authorities.
The Foreign Office has not commented on his return to the UK.
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