Ski resort’s $233k fine over ‘unacceptable’ sewage pollution
22nd November 2022

Key points

  • Charlotte Pass ski resort has been fined almost a quarter of a million dollars over environmental offences described as showing an “unacceptable disregard” for its surroundings.
  • The Land and Environment Court found the resort discharged 11.6 million litres of partially treated effluent for 78 days in 2019.
  • The liquid sewage was later found to contain potentially dangerously elevated levels of ammonia and nitrogen.

A NSW ski resort has been fined almost $250,000 after polluting nearby waterways in Kosciuszko National Park with millions of litres of improperly treated sewage.

The penalty was handed down in the Land and Environment Court on Monday after the Environment Protection Authority prosecuted Charlotte Pass Snow Resort.

Charlotte Pass Snow Resort was found to have failed in its obligation to maintain its own sewage filtration system.

The ski resort was found to have discharged 11.6 million litres of partially treated effluent for 78 days from July 9 to September 24 in 2019.

The liquid sewage was later found to contain potentially dangerously elevated levels of ammonia and nitrogen due to faulty diffusers in the sewage filtration tanks.

Excess amounts of nitrogen in waterways can damage the environment by promoting an overgrowth of aquatic plants and algae and can also be toxic to aquatic organisms, while elevated concentrations of ammonia can be toxic to aquatic life.

Charlotte Pass Snow Resort said they did not wish to comment on the judgment when contacted by this masthead.

Charlotte Pass, which is located at Mount Kosciuszko, was fined a total $233,425.23 for the breach of its licence and potential harm to the environment.

The offending levels of nitrogen and ammonia were discovered by the EPA who regularly test water quality levels at Charlotte Pass due to the snow resort’s operating licence.

At its worst, the EPA took two water samples on July 23 from an unnamed stream, which runs alongside the resort’s sewage treatment plant into the nearby Spencer’s Creek.

One was taken upstream and one downstream of the treatment plan, to show the impact of the sewage plant on the water quality.

The sample running downstream was found to have more than 600 times the ammonia of the upstream sample and more than 15 times the water quality guideline.

On July 24, the same test was conducted to test the nitrogen levels – with the downstream levels eight times greater than the upstream sample.

NSW Environment Protection Authority chief executive Tony Chappel said Charlotte Pass should have taken more care in protecting the national park.

“Most disappointingly, the offences were foreseeable with the resort having knowledge that the plant and equipment in question needed to be repaired,” Mr Chappel said.

“If you know that your equipment doesn’t meet the standards required, it must be addressed, failure to do so is an unacceptable disregard of the environment.”

In her judgment, Justice Rachel Pepper ruled while it was “possible and even likely” biological damage was caused to both the unnamed stream and Spencer Creek, it could not be proven as being a sole factor in any future issues.

Justice Pepper did, however, point out the offending was worsened, given Charlotte Pass had “actual knowledge” the diffusers which caused the elevated levels needed to be repaired.

The aeration tanks in question. Credit:NSW Caselaw

“Whether it was caused by the fouling, or some other defect, it remains a fact that the diffusers were not properly maintained and could not perform their function adequately thereby resulting in the elevated levels of ammonia and nitrogen in the effluent discharged to the environment,” she said in her the judgment.

“It was this discharge that caused both the actual and potential harm discussed above.”

The resort was fined $144,000 along with the $89,425.23 expense of the EPA’s investigation, totalling $233,425.23.

In handing down the fine, Justice Pepper said she had taken into account the fact the park had “expressed contrition and remorse through its actions” and that it had entered an early guilty plea.

The park was also ordered to post notices of the court decision on the company’s Facebook and Instagram pages as well as its website.

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